Brigadier General Margaret A. Brewer retired from the Marine Corps on July 1, 1980.
Born in Durand, Mich., in 1930, she received her primary education in Michigan but graduated from the Catholic High School in Baltimore, Md., prior to entering the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. She received a bachelor's degree in geography in January 1952, and was commissioned a Marine second lieutenant in March of that year.
Her first assignment was at the Marine Corps Air Station, El Toro, Calif., where she served as a communications watch officer until June 1953. She was then transferred to Brooklyn, N.Y. for a two-year tour as Inspector-Instructor of a woman Marine reserve unit.
From September 1955 until June 1958, then Captain Brewer served successively as Commanding Officer of the woman Marine companies at Norfolk, Va., and Camp Lejeune, N.C. During the 18 months following, she was a platoon commander for woman officer candidates at Quantico, Va., during summer training sessions, and for the balance of time, a woman officer selection officer with headquarters in Lexington, Ky.
Transferred to Camp Pendleton, Calif., in November 1959, for duty with the Commissioned Officers Mess (Open), she was promoted to major in September 1961 and in April 1963 returned to Quantico to serve as executive officer and later as commanding officer of the Woman Officer School.
From June 1966 to February 1968, she was the Public Affairs Officer for the 6th Marine Corps District, Atlanta, Ga., where she was promoted to lieutenant colonel in December 1966.
She served as Deputy Director of Women Marines, at Headquarters Marine Corps, from March 1968 to March 1971. She was promoted to colonel in December 1970. Reporting to Quantico, she assumed duty as Special Assistant to the Director, Marine Corps Education Center. She became Chief of the Support Department, Marine Corps Education Center in June 1972, serving in this capacity until she was selected as the seventh Director of Women Marines on February 1, 1973.
On July 1, 1977, then Colonel Brewer assumed duty as Deputy Director of the Division of Information, Headquarters Marine Corps, when the Director of Women Marines' office was disbanded because of the strides made in integrating women into an expanded role in the Corps. For meritorious service as the Director of Women Marines, she was presented the Legion of Merit by the Commandant of the Marine Corps on June 30, 1977.
While serving as the Deputy Director of the Division of Information, she was nominated during April 1978 for appointment to the grade of brigadier general. She was appointed to that grade and assumed duty as Director of Information on May 11, 1978, at which time she became the first female general officer in the U.S. Marine Corps. On December 1, 1979, the Division of Information was redesignated as the Division of Public Affairs, and Brigadier General Brewer's title was changed to Director of Public Affairs. She served in this capacity until retirement on July 1.
Source: Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps
Brigadier General Gail M. Reals USMC (Ret.)
GAIL M. REALS,
Brigadier General Gall M. Reals was born September 1, 1935 in Syracuse, N.Y. She attended school in Manlius, N.Y., and Powelson Business Institute in Syracuse, N.Y.
Entering the Marine Corps on Sept. 30, 1954, she completed Recruit Training at Parris Island, S.C., and was assigned as a stenographer at Marine Corps Schools, Quantico. In November 1955, she transferred to Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., and served three years as a secretary in the office of the Chief of Staff.
During January 1959, she transferred overseas for a two-year tour at Headquarters, U.S. European Command, Paris, France, for duty as chief clerk, J-3, Operations Section. Returning to the United States in January 1961, she served as private secretary to the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
She was accepted for the Woman Officer Candidate Class in June 1961, and upon completion of training in September 1961, was commissioned a second lieutenant.
Following her commissioning, she was assigned as Executive Officer, Woman Marne Company at Quantico. She returned to Headquarters Marine Corps in December 1963, for duty as Commanding Officer of the Woman Marine Company and Adjutant, Woman Marine Detachment.
From January 1964 until December 1966, General Reals was the Commanding Officer, Woman Marine Company, Headquarters Battalion, Henderson Hall.
She attended the WAC Officer Career Course, WAC Training Center, Fort McClellan, Alabama, from January to June 1967, and upon completion of school spent five months as an instructor at the Woman Officer School, Quantico. She was next assigned as the Base Adjutant, Marine Corps Base, Twentynine Palms, Calif., from November 1967 to October 1968.
Following this short tour she became the Personnel Officer, Company B, Marine Security Guard Battalion, Beirut, Lebanon until December 1970.
Reporting back to Parris Island in January 1971, she served as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer, Woman Recruit Training Battalion, until June 1973.
General Reals completed the Marine Corps Command and Staff College at Quantico in June 1974, and returned to Headquarters Marine Corps, as the Head, Administrative Branch, Inspection Division. During July 1977, she returned to Parris Island to command the Woman Recruit Training Command.
In October 1979, she returned to Headquarters Marine Corps for duty as Head, Human Resources Branch, Manpower Department, serving in this assignment until August 1981, when she was selected to attend the Naval War College, Newport. R.I.
Upon graduation, General Reals went overseas for duty as the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-I, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, on Okinawa.
Transferred back to Quantico in August 1983, she served as the Assistant Chief of Staff, Personnel and Services, Education Center. She then served as the Assistant Chief of Staff, Manpower, Marine Corps Development and Education Command until December 1984. She assumed the position as Chief of Staff, Marine Corps Development and Education Command on Dec 10 1984. While serving in this assignment, she was selected in February 1985 for promotion to brigadier general. She was advanced to her present grade on May 15, 1985, and assigned duty as Director, Manpower Plans and Policy Division, Headquarters Marine Corps on June 21, 1985. General Reals served in this capacity until assuming her current assignment on July 7, 1988.
Her previous promotions include: first lieutenant, December 1962; captain, July 1966; major, September 1969; lieutenant colonel, February 1975 and colonel, August 1980.
Her decorations and medals include: the Legion of Merit; the Navy Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, Good Conduct Medal (second award), three Meritorious Unit Commendations and the National Defense Service Medal.
Brigadier General Reals is the daughter of Mrs. Anna Reals and the late Clarence Reals of Fayetteville, N.Y.
Source: Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps
Lieutenant General Carol A. Mutter USMC (Ret.)
CAROL A. MUTTER, USMC
|Lieutenant General Carol A. Mutter retired from the U.S. Marine Corps effective January 1, 1999. Her last assignment was as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DC/S, M&RA), Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C.|
General Mutter was born in Greeley, CO in 1945. In 1967 she was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Marine Corps upon graduation from the University of Northern Colorado, in Greeley, CO. In addition to holding a B.A. degree in Mathematics Education and an honorary doctorate from UNC, General Mutter has an M.A. degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College at Newport, RI and both an M.S. and an honorary doctorate degree from Salve Regina College, also in Newport.
After completing the Woman Officer Basic Course in 1967 at Quantico, VA, she was assigned to data processing installations at Quantico, VA and at Camp Pendleton, CA. In 1971, she returned to Quantico as a platoon commander and instructor for women officer candidates and basic course lieutenants; she departed this tour as a Captain of Marines.
During 1973-1984, she progressed to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel while serving as Project Officer for Marine Air Command and Control Systems at Marine Corps Tactical Systems Support Activity, Camp Pendleton, CA; Financial Management Officer at the Development Center, Quantico, VA; Assistant Chief of Staff, Comptroller, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, Okinawa, Japan; and Deputy Comptroller at Headquarters, Fleet Marine Force Atlantic, Norfolk, VA. In 1985, capitalizing on her expertise in both data processing and financial management, she was assigned as the Deputy Program Manager, and subsequently Program Manager, for the development of new Marine Corps automated pay and personnel systems for active duty, retired, and reserve Marines.
In July 1988 as a Colonel she joined the U.S. Space Command, J-3 (Operations) Directorate in Colorado Springs becoming the first woman to gain qualification as a Space Director. After initially serving as a Command Center Crew Commander/Space Director she became the Division Chief responsible for the operation of the Space Command Commander in Chief's Command Center.
August 1990 brought a transfer to III Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) on Okinawa, Japan and duty as the Assistant Chief of Staff, Comptroller for both III MEF and 3d Marine Division. In June 1991, she returned to Quantico as a Brigadier General to serve as the Deputy Commanding General, Marine Corps Systems Command and Program Manager for Command and Control Systems. In June 1992, she again transferred to Okinawa, this time as the first woman of general/flag officer rank to command a major deployable tactical command, the 3d Force Service Support Group, III MEF, U.S. Marine Forces Pacific. In June 1994, she became the first woman Marine Major General and served as Commander, Marine Corps Systems Command, Quantico, VA. Upon advancement to Lieutenant General (the first woman in the Marine Corps to attain this rank) on September 1, 1996, she assumed her duties as DC/S M&RA.
In addition to the Naval War College at Newport, RI, General Mutter has attended the Amphibious Warfare School and the Marine Corps Command and Staff College, both at Quantico, VA.
Her medals and decorations include: the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, Meritorious Unit Commendation with bronze star, National Defense Service Medal with bronze star, and the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with four bronze stars.
Source: Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps